Wednesday, February 18, 2015

Political Barriers to Education - from Juicy Dragons

● (S) Policies that exclude access to education
a. Females
i. Brock, T. (2010). Young adults and higher education: Barriers and breakthroughs to success. The Future of Children, 20(1). 109-132. doi:10.1353/foc.0.0040
ii. Kane, J. (2006). Including and excluding girls. Gender and Education, 18(5), 561-565. doi:10.1080/09540250600881725
● (A) Political instability
a. countries at war
b. political unrest, constant changes in government and leadership
c. corruption-Child Soldiers
d. Child Refugees
i. Educate a Child, Barrier: Refugee (2014), retrieved from:
ii. UNESCO, 2013. Children still battling to go to school. Education for All Global Monitoring Report Policy Paper 10. Retrieved from:

● (R) Underrepresentation of women in decision making
a. Rai, Shirin. (2014). From barrier to enabler: how politics can help girls live up to their potential. The Guardian. Retrieved from
b. Steyn, G. M., & Parsaloi, M. W. (2014). Moving towards Gender Equality: The Case of Female Head Teachers in Kenya. Gender & Behaviour, 12(3), 5980-5993.
c. Howell, J. (2006). Women's Political Participation in China: in whose interests elections?. Journal Of Contemporary China, 15(49), 603-619. doi:10.1080/10670560600836614
● (R) Weak legislation on
a. official age for first marriage, sexual abuse, and pregnancies in school
i. Tanzania: Child Marriage Harms Girls. (2014). Retrieved from
ii. Human Rights Watch. (2014).No Way Out: Marriage and Human Rights Abuses in Tanzania. Retrieved from
iii. Child Marriage and The Law. (2015). Retrieved from
iv. Chilisa, B. (2002). National Policies on Pregnancy in Education Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Botswana. Gender & Education, 14(1), 21-35. doi:10.1080/09540250120098852
● (R) Policies on infrastructure, safety, and abundance
a. EDUCATION IN AFGHANISTAN. (2005). Herizons, 1810.
b. Barriers to Education. (2013). Retrieved from
c. Adelman, H.,  & Taylor, L.  (2011). Expanding School Improvement Policy to Better Address Barriers to Learning. Policy Futures in Education. 9, 431-436. Retrived from

● (A) Weak legislation on
a. official school entry
b. obligatory enrollment
c. enrollment for undocumented immigrants (*Malaysia)
i. UNESCO. (2004). Gender and education for all: The leap to equality. Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2003/2004.

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